Sage, Common

Botanical: Salvia officinalis (LINN.)Family: N.O. Labiatae Synonyms: (Old English) Sawge. Garden Sage. Red Sage. Broad-leaved White Sage. Narrow-leaved White Sage. Salvia salvatrix.Parts Used: Leaves, whole herb. The Common Sage, the familiar plant of the kitchen garden, is an evergreen undershrub, not a native of these islands, its natural habitat being the northern shores of the …

Marjoram

Botanical: Origanum marjorana (LINN.)Family: N.O. Labiatae Synonyms: Knotted Marjoram. Marjorana hortensis.Parts Used: Herb, leaves. Sweet or Knotted Marjoram is not an annual, but is usually treated as such, as the plants – native to Portugal – will not stand the winter elsewhere, so must be sown every year. Seeds may be sown, for an early …

Peppermint

Botanical: Mentha piperita (SM.) Family: N.O. Labiatae Synonym: Brandy Mint. Part Used: Herb. Habitat: The plant is found throughout Europe, in moist situations, along stream banks and in waste lands, and is not infrequent in damp places in England, but is not a common native plant, and probably is often an escape from cultivation. In …

Spearmint

Botanical: Mentha viridis (LINN.)Family: N.O. Labiatae Synonyms: Garden Mint. Mentha Spicata. Mackerel Mint. Our Lady’s Mint. Green Mint. Spire Mint. Sage of Bethlehem. Fish Mint. Menthe de Notre Dame. Erba Santa Maria. Frauen Munze. Lamb Mint.Part Used: Herb. This common garden mint is not a native of these islands, though growing freely in every garden, …

Dill

Botanical: Peucedanum graveolens (BENTH.)Family: N.O. Compositae Synonyms: Anethum graveolus. Fructus Anethi.Part Used: Dried ripe fruit. Dill is a hardy annual, a native of the Mediterranean region and Southern Russia. It grows wild among the corn in Spain and Portugal and upon the coast of Italy, but rarely occurs as a cornfield weed in Northern Europe. …

Basil, Sweet

Botanical: Ocymum basilium (LINN.) Family: N.O. Labiatae —Part Used—Herb. —Description—Common or Sweet Basil which is used in medicine and also for culinary purposes, especially in France, is a hairy, labiate plant, growing about 3 feet high. The stem is obtusely quadrangular, the labiate flowers are white, in whorls in the axils of the leaves, the …